新闻摄影/PHOTOJOURNALISM

新闻摄影

新闻摄影是新闻的一种形式,它使用图像来讲述新闻故事。虽然它与其他类型的摄影密切相关,如纪实摄影,街头摄影,静物摄影或战争摄影,但它的独特之处在于它必须符合严格的道德标准。工作需要诚实、公正,并且必须讲述符合新闻术语的视觉故事。

照片经常用于新闻媒体或杂志社论。摄影记者是携带摄影设备的记者,并在瞬间决定拍摄哪些图像以代表新闻故事的展开。通常,这意味着他们在人身安全方面处于极端条件下。

这种类型起源于战争摄影,早在1800年代中期就开始了。它的受欢迎程度在1970年代开始下降,因为一些照片杂志出版物停止印刷。最近,这些类型的照片与美术摄影一起进入了艺术画廊。

社会纪实摄影被认为是新闻摄影的一种形式,也是纪实摄影的子集,通过社会或环境焦点记录世界上的事件。这种类型的摄影有时也被称为关注摄影,突出了社会问题,包括捕捉贫困或弱势群体的生活。


PHOTOJOURNALISM

A form of journalism, photojournalism uses images to tell a news story. Although it is closely related to other types of photography such as documentary photography, street photography, still-life photography, or war photography, it is unique in that it must meet strict ethical standards. Work needs to be honest, impartial, and must tell a visual story meeting journalistic terms.

Photos are often used in news media or magazine editorials. Photojournalists are reporters that carry photography equipment and make split-second decisions in what images to capture to represent a news story as it unfolds. Often, this means they are in extreme conditions with regard to their personal safety.

The genre has origins in war photography, beginning as early as the mid 1800s. Its popularity began to decline in the 1970s as some photo-magazine publications stopped printing. More recently, these types of photos are entering art galleries, alongside fine art photography.

Social documentary photography, considered to be a form of photojournalism and subset of documentary photography as well, records events in the world through a social or environmental focus. Also sometimes called concerned photography, this type of photography highlights social issues, including capturing the lives of impoverished or vulnerable communities.

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