大多数人物照片通常是摆姿势的，摄影师指导镜头和模特。坦率摄影是一种摄影类型，它消除了等式的姿势方面，摄影师拍摄运动中的人，自发或惊喜。摄影师应以自然状态捕捉拍摄对象为目标，而无需引导或摆姿势来获得正确的图像。这并不一定意味着拍摄对象不知道正在拍摄照片 – 同意仍然是能够使用这些照片的重要组成部分！但是，这应该意味着您的坦率图像将捕获其中人物的真实场景，反应和面部表情。
Most photographs of people are often posed, with the photographer directing the shot and models. Candid photography is a type of photography that removes the posed aspect of the equation, with photographers taking shots of people in motion, spontaneously, or by surprise. Photographers should aim to capture subjects in a natural state, without needing to direct or pose them to get the right image. This doesn’t necessarily mean that subjects aren’t aware that photos are being taken – consent is still an important part of being able to use those photos! It should mean, however, that your candid images will capture authentic scenes, reactions, and facial expressions of the people in them.
Secret photography is considered a subset of candid photography and occurs when subjects are totally unaware of their photograph being taken. Due to its unobtrusive nature, candid photography tends to use small equipment that’s often discreet in order not to disturb or distract subjects when shooting. Flash photography is also not common when taking candid shots as the flash draws attention and can cause subjects to alter their behavior towards a less natural, more controlled position.