胶片摄影/FILM PHOTOGRAPHY

胶片摄影

胶片摄影的历史可以追溯到1800年代后期,是数码摄影的前身。“安全膜”由柯达于1908年推出,尽管以前的薄膜早在1889年就被使用,但都是由更易燃的材料硝酸纤维素制成的 – 通常被称为“硝酸盐薄膜”。彩色胶片于1935年由Kodachrome引入家庭电影,截至1936年,静止相机使用35mm胶片长度。

35mm彩色胶片使用多层和滤镜来捕获图像,一旦曝光或显影,就会产生彩色照片。黑白照片处理不那么复杂,不像彩色照片处理那样对温度敏感。然而,黑白照片的处理在商业规模上不太可用,促使了黑白胶片的设计(即使处理方式与标准彩色胶片相同)。胶片尺寸和速度都是在胶片上拍摄时要考虑的因素。胶片速度描述了胶片对光的阈值感光度,用ISO刻度表示。

直到21世纪初,胶片摄影一直是摄影的主要形式。随着数字技术越来越广泛地普及,许多消费者将胶片抛在了后面,转向了数字格式。1981年,索尼发布了第一台消费电子相机,随后是富士的第一台数码相机,于1989年发布。然而,在过去十年中,摄影的最新趋势已经见证了胶片摄影的复兴,柯达和富士胶片等公司现在重新审视其产品阵容,以再次整合胶片产品。

如今,大多数现代摄影师都使用数码相机拍摄,但胶片的魅力和美学的爱好者和粉丝仍然使用这种原始的摄影技术,在模拟相机上使用完全手动设置来创建令人惊叹的照片。这种类型的摄影并不像在数码相机上拍摄那样简单,但它为专业摄影师提供了一个更深入的学习机会,因为他们可以了解他们的相机功能以及更改特定设置如何改变拍摄照片的艺术。


FILM PHOTOGRAPHY

Film photography dates back to the late 1800s and is the precursor to digital photography. “Safety film” was introduced by Kodak in 1908, although previous iterations of film were used as early as 1889, but were made from the much more flammable material, nitrocellulose — usually referred to as “nitrate film”. Color film was introduced for home movies in 1935 by Kodachrome, and 35mm film lengths were used for still cameras as of 1936.

35mm color film uses multiple layers and filters to capture an image that, once exposed or developed, produces a color photo. Black-and-white photo processing was less complex and not as temperature-sensitive as color photo processing. However, the processing of black-and-white photos was less available on a commercial scale, prompting the design of black-and-white film (even though the processing was done in the same way as standard color film). Film size and speed are both factors to take into account when shooting on film. Film speed describes the film’s threshold sensitivity to light, denoted by the ISO scale.

Until the early 21st century, film photography was the principal form of photography. As digital technologies became more widely available, many consumers left film behind and moved to digital formats. In 1981, Sony released the first consumer electronic camera which was followed by Fuji’s first digital camera, released in 1989. However, a recent trend in photography over the last decade has seen a revival in film photography, with companies like Kodak and Fujifilm now revisiting their product lineup to incorporate film offerings once again.

Most modern photographers shoot using digital cameras these days, but enthusiasts and fans of the charm and aesthetic of film still use this original photographic technique to create amazing photos using fully manual settings on analog cameras. This type of photography is not as straight-forward as shooting on a digital camera, but it offers a deeper learning opportunity for professional photographers as they get to understand how their camera functions and how changing particular settings alter the art of capturing a photo.

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