胶片摄影的历史可以追溯到1800年代后期，是数码摄影的前身。“安全膜”由柯达于1908年推出，尽管以前的薄膜早在1889年就被使用，但都是由更易燃的材料硝酸纤维素制成的 – 通常被称为“硝酸盐薄膜”。彩色胶片于1935年由Kodachrome引入家庭电影，截至1936年，静止相机使用35mm胶片长度。
Film photography dates back to the late 1800s and is the precursor to digital photography. “Safety film” was introduced by Kodak in 1908, although previous iterations of film were used as early as 1889, but were made from the much more flammable material, nitrocellulose — usually referred to as “nitrate film”. Color film was introduced for home movies in 1935 by Kodachrome, and 35mm film lengths were used for still cameras as of 1936.
35mm color film uses multiple layers and filters to capture an image that, once exposed or developed, produces a color photo. Black-and-white photo processing was less complex and not as temperature-sensitive as color photo processing. However, the processing of black-and-white photos was less available on a commercial scale, prompting the design of black-and-white film (even though the processing was done in the same way as standard color film). Film size and speed are both factors to take into account when shooting on film. Film speed describes the film’s threshold sensitivity to light, denoted by the ISO scale.
Until the early 21st century, film photography was the principal form of photography. As digital technologies became more widely available, many consumers left film behind and moved to digital formats. In 1981, Sony released the first consumer electronic camera which was followed by Fuji’s first digital camera, released in 1989. However, a recent trend in photography over the last decade has seen a revival in film photography, with companies like Kodak and Fujifilm now revisiting their product lineup to incorporate film offerings once again.
Most modern photographers shoot using digital cameras these days, but enthusiasts and fans of the charm and aesthetic of film still use this original photographic technique to create amazing photos using fully manual settings on analog cameras. This type of photography is not as straight-forward as shooting on a digital camera, but it offers a deeper learning opportunity for professional photographers as they get to understand how their camera functions and how changing particular settings alter the art of capturing a photo.