Also called photomacrography or simply macrography, macro photography captures extreme close-ups of often very small subjects. Insects and plants or flowers are popular subject matter in this genre. Other macro imagery can include close-up shots of food, water droplets, everyday items such as fabrics or feathers, toys, eyes, jewelry, and other abstract patterns and textures.
Macro photography requires specialized lenses to capture a true reproduction ratio of the subject matter, with depth of field and lighting being important considerations in adjusting the shot. Extension tubes can also be used to extend lenses for that up-close and personal capture.
Photomicrography, which uses a digital microscope to capture images, is achieved when the reproduction ratio of the shot is greater than 10:1.